Welcome back! Thanks for joining us for the second half of our orthopaedic mini-dictionary. Why are we going over all these terms? Well, because we want to make sure that our patients have as much knowledge and information as possible – you’re (yes, you!) a huge part of your care plan and we want to make it as easy as possible to be involved and knowledgeable about the process. So, without further adieu…here’s part 2!
Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) – the ligament that gives stability to the inner knee.
Medial Epicondylitis (Golfer’s Elbow, Baseball Elbow, Suitcase Elbow, Forehand Tennis Elbow) – pain caused by damage to the tendons that bend the wrist toward the palm.
Meniscus – a C-shaped piece of cartilage that serves as a shock-absorption system, helps lubricate the joint, and limits the ability to flex and extend the joint.
Microsurgery – surgery requiring an operating microscope.
Minimally invasive – a type of surgery – sometimes called laparoscopic surgery – which is performed through small incisions.
MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) – a medical imaging technique most commonly used in radiology to visualize the internal structure and function of the body.
NSAID – this is an abbreviation for non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug; a prescription or over-the-counter medication taken for relief of pain and inflammation. Examples of over-the-counter NSAIDs include aspirin, ibuprofen and naprosyn.
Orthotic – an orthopedic appliance designed to support, straighten or improve the functioning of a body part.
Open Fracture – a fracture in which the bone is sticking through the skin. This is also known as a compound fracture.
Pronation – a turning to face downward. The opposite of supination.
Radius – the shorter of the two bones of the forearm, on the thumb side of the forearm.
Reconstructive surgery – surgery to restore the form and function of the body. Examples of reconstructive orthopedic surgery are procedures to rebuild the hip and other joints, as well as the repairing of tendons such as those in the shoulder’s rotator cuff.
Revision Joint Surgery – the replacement of artificial joints and damaged bone with special plastic and metal parts. This surgery is necessary when a previous joint replacement wears out.
RICE Treatment – “RICE” stands for: rest, ice, compression, and elevation.
Rotator Cuff – the group of muscles and their tendons that act to stabilize the shoulder.
Rotator Cuff Disease – damage to the rotator cuff, a group of four tendons that stabilize the shoulder joint and move the shoulder in various directions.
SLAP Tear – Superior Labrum Anterior Posterior to the biceps which results in a partial tear of the long head of the biceps. Usually caused by a fall or sudden jerk to the arms.
Sprain – an injury to a ligament that results from overuse or trauma. Sprains occurs when there is a stretch or tear in one or more ligaments, which are the slightly elastic bands of tissue that keep the bones in place while permitting movement at a joint.
Spur – a bone spur or osteophyte is an outgrowth or ridge that forms on a bone.
Strain – an injury to a tendon or muscle resulting from overuse or trauma.
Stress Fractures – a fracture that’s caused by repetitive stress, as may occur in sports, strenuous exercise, or heavy physical labor.
Tendon – the tissue by which a muscle attaches to bone. A tendon is somewhat flexible, but fibrous and tough.
Tendonitis – inflammation of a tendon.
If you’re struggling with an orthopaedic issue, give us a call to make an appointment! Prairie Orthopaedics and Plastics is proud to be Lincoln’s choice for advanced treatment options for recovery of maximum mobility, strength, and return of function!
Source: Glossary of Orthopaedic Terms, BUOSA